An Equal Chance to be Healthy Why is this important? Adopted children have an unfair start in life, and we know that the impact on their mental and physical health can be lasting. In recent research by AUK, almost half of adopted children had social, emotional and mental health needs. More than 40% of adopted young people had involvement with mental health services. A quarter had diagnosed learning difficulties, while sensory problems and speech, language and communication problems affected more than one in five. Neurological disorders are common amongst adopted children. To give just two examples: According to the National Autistic Society (2019), the UK prevalence of autism spectrum disorder is thought to be around 1%. Among adopted children it is 8 times higher. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a range of conditions caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. People with FASD can have a wide range of physical and mental difficulties, especially with planning, memory, attention, impulsivity, coordination and social communication. It is generally estimated that the UK prevalence is 3-5%. FASD affects up to 75% of adopted children. What can you do? Take part in our 2021 Adoption Barometer Survey: Read more about the physical and mental health of adopted children in these AUK reports: We have a clear set of recommendations for governments, based on our research: Ensure every adopted child has access to timely diagnosis and support for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Ensure every adopted child can access excellent, free mental health support when they need it.